This Essay argues that if the United States wants to establish a sustainable mariculture industry, it must better control ocean water quality and upstream water pollution, particularly land-based nonpoint source pollution. Part I describes the types, location, and economic value of aquaculture and mariculture in the United States. Part II discusses how the United States currently regulates aquaculture operations to protect water quality. Part III examines the problem that upstream water pollution poses to sustainable aquaculture in the United States, discussing the various types of pollution pressures on the coastal zone and the problems that upstream water pollution can pose for mariculture operations.
Aquaculture, Sustainable development, Nonpoint source pollution, Mariculture, Pollution control, Water pollution, United States